Any kind of appliance eventually suffers wear and tear. The most common components that deteriorate over time are the cords and plugs. Before we go through the basic things that you should know about cord and plug replacements, let us first discuss their fundamentals.
Types Of Electrical Cords And Plugs
Electrical cords are available in various types and you can identify them easily through their type of insulation. Let us take for example the lamps and fixtures, which are made of plastic cords. Meanwhile, the cables of heaters are typically made of neoprene, braided rayon wires, or cotton. Power tools and vacuum cleaners have rounded plastic cords and ribbed plastic cords respectively. In case you need to purchase a new cord for a certain appliance, it is essential for you to make sure that you choose the right one.
There are three basic types of plugs in the market: the self-connecting, terminal screw, and three-prong. The self-connecting plugs are usually used by small appliances like lamps. The prongs fasten onto the wires of the cord, allowing it to create an automatic connection. Meanwhile, if the wires connect to the screws within the cord body, then that is a terminal screw plug. This type of plug, which is common among older appliances, has a detachable insulating disk that covers the wires and terminals. Finally, the three prong plugs are commonly used for newer and larger appliances like power tools, refrigerators, dryers, and washers. A simple note that you have to remember is that you need to have the right kind of outlet for the large appliance that you plan to use.
Cords And Plugs: The Basics
We all know for a fact that having damaged cords or plugs at home or within your establishment is dangerous. A single spark or smoke coming from it could cause an electrical fire that could be big enough to engulf your entire house or building. You need to make sure that you unplug the appliance right away if you notice that its cord or plug is sparking. It is also advisable to switch off the power to the affected electrical outlet. Once you have done all these, leave the plug so it could cool down and then check the outlet, the cord, and the plug to see if any of them are damaged. If the appliance is defective, you need to bring it to a shop so it can be serviced or buy a new one. In case the outlet is busted, you need to seek the assistance of an expert so it could be repaired or replaced.
Replacing a lamp cord is easy. All you need to do is to disconnect the old cord, cut it using wire cutters just a couple of inches below the bottom part of the lamp. Use an electrical tape to fasten the new cord. Draw the new wire up through the stem of the lamp by pulling the old cord out on top. Remove the electrical tape from the cords and throw away the old cord. Keep in mind that replacing a damaged cord is a must. You should never attempt to fix it. If you have no experience in changing a defective cord, the best move to make is to hire an expert to get this done for you. This also applies to plug replacement. Although you can find a lot of video tutorials online showing you how to do this, it is still ideal to call a professional electrician. Doing so will prevent the risk of putting you and your family in great danger just because of an incorrectly performed plug replacement.